Pi News –
Apart from writing fiction, Devendra Satyarthi is one of the few artists known for collecting folk songs in the guise of an ascetic in various cities of the subcontinent. He wrote in Urdu, Punjabi and Hindi languages. His sketches, autobiographies, travelogues and poems have also been published.
Devendra Satyarthi was born on May 28, 1908 in Punjab, India to a Khatri family of the Arya social civilization. Satyarthi’s early education was in a village school. After class 10, he intended to pursue his higher education in Lahore but could not go to Lahore due to financial and other reasons. He got admission in a college in Patiala. Devendra Satyarthi was very popular among his contemporaries. Many remembered him by different names. He was Minto’s contemporary fiction writer and Minto called him a fraud. Prakash Pandit was named Literary Rishi. Krishnachandra called Mahabor. Balraj Main Rao called the wandering artist.
Sitarathi was a strange person. One of his habits, which his friends tired of, was compulsively telling his story. An interesting story about Sitorati can be read in the book “Lahore: City of Perfection” by writer and journalist Mehmudul Hasan, see
Satyarthi lived in Santnagar. Kanhaiya Lal Kapoor, Fikar Tunsvi and Hans Raj Rahbar lived in the same area. So they were directly under Satyarthi, so they hid. Rajendra Singh Bedi was unlucky and Satyarthi once stayed here with his wife and daughter for a few days. Bedi lived in a small house in Lahore Cantt. When we returned home tired and broken in the evening, dear guests would return to tell the story and seek reform. The time wasted in the process would have been sleeping, but in the early morning Satyarthi was refreshed and told the poor householder the corrected tale. Bedi was very upset about all this, he was also angry that he could not find time for his wife and children. All this information came to Bedi’s word pattern and on this basis he wrote the artistic work “Tarqi Pashtan”.
Satyarthi caused such disturbance in Bedi’s loneliness that intimacy between husband and wife became impossible. Minto describes the situation one day, in a heartbeat, when Tripathi (Devendra Satyarthi) comes from somewhere, he hastily kisses his wife like envelopes are being sealed at the post office. Stamping envelopes at the post office in those days was a direct blow to Bedi.
In response to Minto’s story, Satyarthi satirized Minto’s lifestyle and wrote a novel titled The New God. The main character’s name was Nafast Hasan. This story was published in Adab-i-Latif and according to Satyarthi, Upendranath Ashok and Krishnachandra were so fond of him that they beat Minto. Satyarthi also writes that Minto was angry with him for five years because of this incident. Rajinder Singh Bedi and Nazir Ahmed Chowdhury played a role in reconciling the two. The New God is said to have been published under the name of Satyarthi, but its original author was Bedi. As Ashok explains in his article Minto My Enemy:
“There was no wall between the friends, but they formed a common front against Minto, and as Minto ridiculed the habits, appearance and personal life of Bedi and Satyarthi in his story, they also came together and wrote a novel that exposed Minto. life and its foibles.The story was published as Satyarthi.Written by him.Bedi, while revising it, said that the story is very well done in terms of characterization, the title is ‘New God’ and the ‘like’ bridge is heavy.
Devendra Satyarthi’s composition on folk songs was appreciated by Kanhya Lal Kapoor. He said: “When the satyarthi of Allah Mian is heard in the courtroom, it should not be called as the satyarthi of the narrator, but as the satyarthi of the folk song.” Bedi agreed with Kapoor on this point.
Satyarthi recited the story “Nuh Tak’s Next Storm” at the Arbob-e-Zaq circle, in which Nazir Ahmed Choudhary was mocked as a publisher. Bedi took part in the discussion and said, “A satyarthi cannot attain the status of a storyteller even in seven births.” Until I become a storyteller, I will continue to accept Bedi as my Gurudev.”
The number of Devendra Satyarthi’s works in all languages is about fifty. He died on 12 February 2003 in India.