Diseases that people thought they got rid of, but they still exist.. know them

Diseases that people thought they got rid of, but they still exist.. know them

Published a magazineReader’s Digest“In its Australian version, a report in which it reviewed many diseases that many believe they have gotten rid of, but they are still present with us. Without the necessary and necessary precautions, you could end up with one of them.

This disease spread to Europe in the fourteenth century, killing about 25 million people. Each year, few cases of this disease are reported worldwide.

This disease is an infectious disease that affects rodents and some other animals and humans. It is caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. It causes fever, weakness, and painfully swollen lymph nodes.

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Also, cases that are recorded are rare today because sanitation and hygiene are much better than they were in the Middle Ages.

And if early analyzes reveal that a person has it, then antibiotics in that period are effective for treating it.

But if left untreated, the death rate ranges from 30 to 60 percent – and can even reach 100 percent.

Whooping cough

Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory disease. It starts like a common cold but then leads to a cough so severe that it causes vomiting, redness of the face and extreme fatigue.

Also, children under the age of two months are more likely to die from this disease because of their young age and cannot receive the vaccination.

Measles, a highly contagious disease, is spread through the air or by direct contact of an infected person.

People can infect others without their knowledge for up to four days before the rash appears all over the body.

In addition to the rash, symptoms include a high temperature, sore throat, red eyes and white swellings in the mouth.

Complications can also include brain damage and even death, especially in very young children.

yellow fever

Yellow fever transmitted by infected mosquitoes begins with flu-like symptoms.

It can lead to a very high fever, internal bleeding, seizures, organ failure and possibly even death.

Although there is a vaccine against this fever, there is often not enough of it available when there are major outbreaks, which happened in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2016.

The most recent outbreak of this disease occurred in 2017 in the forests of Brazil, near Rio and Sao Paulo.

Mumps is spread through saliva and mucus from the mouth, nose, and throat from person to person.

Those who contract it will experience flu-like symptoms and painful swelling of the salivary glands. But complications can include encephalitis, miscarriage and hearing loss.

leprosy

With new cases diagnosed each year, you might be shocked to learn that leprosy is still common.

This disease, now called Hansen’s disease, is a bacterial infection that attacks the skin, peripheral nerves, upper respiratory tract, eyes, and nose.

If left untreated, it can cause disfigurement, nerve damage, hand and foot paralysis, and blindness.

scurvy

This disease is a major problem for some societies, especially those who are poor, homeless or mentally ill. And those who cannot get proper nutrition.

This disease is caused by a severe deficiency of vitamin C and causes swollen gums, tooth loss, anemia, fatigue and skin rashes.

cholera

Although it is unlikely that we will find cases of cholera in many developed countries. However, it is still a global problem for people who live in areas with poor sanitation and water treatment conditions.

Cholera is a bacterial disease usually spread through contaminated water, resulting in violent diarrhea and dehydration so severe that death can occur within hours.

The good news is that this disease is contagious which can cause muscle weakness, paralysis and death – it has been almost completely eradicated worldwide.

But that required a 30-year vaccination effort by a number of health organizations, including the World Health Organization, the CDC and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

However, it is still present in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria with a limited number of cases recorded.

According to the World Health Organization, if all polio vaccines are discontinued today, the infection rate could rise to 200,000 cases per year within ten years.

Gout is not an infection like many of the diseases we mentioned above. Rather, it occurs when urate crystals accumulate in the joints and is exacerbated by eating foods rich in compounds called purines, such as red meat and certain types of fish, as well as by drinking strong alcoholic beverages.

Currently, one in 20 Australians suffers from gout, and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. Experts believe the rise in infections is due to rising rates of obesity and high blood pressure, although genetics also play a role.

rubella

Rubella symptoms include a rash, headache and mild fever and are generally dangerous, especially if a woman is pregnant and infected with it. This can lead to miscarriage or even serious problems for the fetus, including eye damage and heart problems.

Initial transmission occurs through coughing, but up to 50 percent of infected people do not develop symptoms.

rickets

The disease – which causes bowed legs and weak bones in children – is back in the 21st century. Rickets occurs due to insufficient exposure to sunlight and foods containing vitamin D.

(Source: Reader’s Digest)