Extreme heat wave engulfs India, Mercury exceeds 46 degrees in many parts ProIQRA News

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New Delhi: A severe heat wave on Friday raised temperatures in most parts of the country, with Banda in eastern Uttar Pradesh hitting a record 47.4 degrees Celsius.

In Uttar Pradesh, mercury broke the 46 degree Celsius mark at several places like Allahabad (46.8 degrees Celsius) and Jhansi (46.2 degrees Celsius). Sports Complex in Delhi (46.4 C) Ganganagar in Rajasthan (46.4 degrees Celsius); Nogong (46.2 degrees Celsius) in Madhya Pradesh; And Chandrapur in Maharashtra (46.4 degrees Celsius).

The highest temperature ever recorded was 45.9 degrees Celsius.

Delhi’s Safdarjung Observatory, the national capital’s base station, recorded a maximum temperature of 43.5 degrees Celsius on the second day.

April is the hottest day in the city in 12 years. The maximum temperature recorded in Delhi on April 18, 2010 was 43.7 degrees Celsius.

Amid intense heat wave, India’s highest electricity demand reached a record high of 204.65 GW on Thursday.

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) said that the heatwave spell will last till May 2 in North West and Central India and April 30 in East India.

An ‘Orange Alert’ has been issued for Haryana, Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Vidarbha region of Maharashtra on Saturday.

IMD uses four color codes for weather warnings. Green means no action, yellow means watch and stay updated, orange means be prepared and red alert means take action.

He said that due to the western disturbances, the heatwave is expected to decrease from Monday, which is likely to affect northwestern India from the night of May 1.

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Rajasthan, Delhi, Punjab and Haryana may receive light rain and thundershowers between May 2 and May 4. The maximum temperature will be between 36 degrees Celsius and 39 degrees Celsius, said senior scientist RK Ginamani.

The IMD said the extreme heat could lead to “moderate” health concerns for vulnerable groups such as infants, the elderly and those with chronic illnesses.

“That’s why people should avoid exposure to heat, wear light and light colored cotton clothes and cover their heads with hats or umbrellas,” he said.

“People who either stay in the sun for long periods of time or work hard are more likely to develop symptoms of heat stroke,” said an IMD advisory.

Heatwave is announced when the maximum temperature is above 40 degrees Celsius and the minimum is 4.5 degrees above normal. According to the IMD, a severe heatwave is declared if the normal temperature exceeds 6.4 degrees.

Based on the absolute recorded temperature, a heatwave is announced when an area reaches a maximum temperature of 45 degrees Celsius.

Severe heatwave is declared if maximum temperature exceeds 47 degree Celsius.

Large parts of India have been recording higher-than-normal temperatures since the last week of March, with meteorologists calling it the absence of intermittent light rain and thundershowers at this time of year. Is common, due to the lack of active Western barriers.

Mahesh Pluto, vice president (climate and climate change) at SkyMate, a private weather forecasting agency, said northwestern India had seen at least four western barriers in March and April, but that they would not change the weather significantly. Were not so strong.

He said that no significant pre-monsoon activity was observed in the region from March 1 to April 20 which increased the intensity of the heat wave, adding that it has also affected Central India.

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The maximum temperature in Vidarbha and western Rajasthan of Maharashtra has been hovering between 40 degrees Celsius and 45 degrees Celsius for the last two months.

According to an analysis by the Green Think Tank Center for Science and Environment, the initial heat waves that started on March 11 have affected 15 Indian states and the Centrally Administered Territories (as of April 24).

According to De Sivananda Pai of the Institute for Climate Change Studies in Kottayam, the absence of anticyclones and western disturbances in the western part of Rajasthan in March triggered the initial and extreme heat waves. Anti-cyclones cause hot and dry weather by submerging the air around the high pressure system in the atmosphere.

India saw its hottest march this year since the IMD set a record 122 years ago amid a 71 per cent drop in rainfall.

Dahiya said that after recording three long haul periods, April could be the hottest in the country’s history.

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