newspaper said The Wall Street Journal The United States, in a report published on Tuesday, 12 October 2021, said that the European Union announced that it would triple its humanitarian aid to Afghanistan, an announcement among other broader steps pledged by global financial leaders; To help solve the country’s deepening economic and humanitarian crisis.
Finance ministers from the world’s 20 largest economies have also asked the World Bank to explore ways to redirect funding from existing programs to international agencies working in Afghanistan.
Reconstruction of Afghanistan
Meanwhile, Malian leaders are now considering tapping into the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund, according to a person familiar with the negotiations. It is reported that the fund was providing about 3 billion dollars annually; To prevent the collapse of the economic situation in the country.
The decisions of the European Union and the Group of Twenty come amid warnings to the United Nations that money previously pledged to the country has not reached the Afghans, as attempts by international donors are focused on avoiding providing funds directly to the Taliban.
For its part, the European Commission, the executive body of the European Union, said that it would provide one billion euros, equivalent to 1.15 billion dollars, for its humanitarian aid package for Afghans inside the country and in neighboring countries, and this is an increase over a previous commitment of 300 million euros (about 348 million dollars). ). UNHCR also said it is studying ways to provide assistance to Afghans working in vital sectors in the country.
After a meeting of G20 leaders on Tuesday, the White House said global leaders agreed to “focus unequivocally on their enduring efforts to combat terrorism” and “emphasised once again their collective commitment to provide humanitarian assistance directly to the Afghan people.”
Projects under the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund, which is managed by the World Bank on behalf of the Afghan government, have been frozen since the Taliban took power in August 2021. No new decision has been taken on the matter, the informed source said. But given the existing concerns about the possibility that the funds would reach directly to a group designated by the United Nations and the United States as a terrorist group, it was decided that the funds would be transferred through the United Nations, according to the sources.
It is reported that after the Taliban took control of Kabul on August 15, 2021, European Union countries said they would intensify their efforts to address the humanitarian crisis, including by helping Afghanistan’s neighboring countries absorb people fleeing the country and prevent a large wave of migration to Europe.
Accordingly, the European Union is working to compile a new package of additional financial assistance to Afghanistan’s neighbors; To support their efforts to counter immigration, counter terrorism and migrant smuggling, as well as internal support for Afghans.
This includes 250 million euros (about $290 million) in funds earmarked by the European Union for non-traditional aid purposes, which officials said could include helping pay the salaries of Afghan nurses or teachers; To prevent the collapse of basic services in Afghanistan.
But with the Afghan banking system almost completely paralyzed and Western countries vowing not to fund the Taliban, it is not clear how this aid will be delivered. EU officials said they are in discussions with the United States and other partners; In search of how to solve this dilemma.
Official missions in Kabul
It is noteworthy that the European Union and its member states no longer have any official diplomatic missions in Kabul, although Brussels said it was discussing with the Taliban the reconfiguration of a mission and sending it to the country.
On the other hand, the United Nations stressed that “the pledges and commitments of donors must turn into reality, urgently, so that humanitarian organizations can respond to the crisis before it is too late.”
In a related context, millions of people who have been displaced due to years of war need shelter, and food stores must be established across the country before the harsh winter arrives in Afghanistan, as snow blocks access to some areas.
For his part, Deputy Representative of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Afghanistan, Marin Dean Kajdomkaj, said: “If the international community does not fulfill the commitments it has made so far, millions of displaced Afghans will struggle to survive the coming winter.”