The problems of cooperation increased in the world due to the competition of big countries to move forward, the challenge before the international system Pi News

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The growing competition between the democracies of the Western world and some autocratic countries led by China is posing a major challenge to the current international order.

Photo: DW
Photo: DW
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In the past few months, several democratic countries led by the US have been trying to form a joint platform to help Ukraine, which is facing Russian aggression.

Apart from efforts to put collective pressure on Russia, these countries are also keeping an eye on China’s diplomatic efforts. Especially on the efforts of China, through which it is engaged in strengthening relations with its own kind of dominant countries.

Ever since Russia invaded Ukraine in February this year, Western countries have been repeatedly warning China of military aid to Russia.

This week, some senior US officials told Reuters News Agency that they had not seen directly that China had provided any military or economic aid to Russia. Despite this, the Chinese government is unwilling to condemn Russian activities in Ukraine.

China’s ideal partner

In the last two months, China also held several high-level meetings with the military government of Myanmar with the aim of cooperation and transactions in many areas. Apart from this, a multinational meeting was also held to discuss the ongoing humanitarian and economic crisis in Afghanistan.

Some experts believe that it is in China’s interest to ensure stability in these areas as all these countries share their borders with China. “There is a natural reason behind China’s contacts with these countries,” says Ian Chong, an expert in political science at the National University of Singapore.

It is not that China wants to increase its reach only to the dominant countries, but a big reason for joining them is that these countries are ideal allies for it. Whatever deals it does with these countries, they do not have to be under a lot of scrutiny and surveillance.

Chong says, “In a situation where China is reaching out to many countries, it can also handle the resistance of those countries who try to investigate such deals. They are easily on deals. Can survive without any political pressure.”

China’s challenge to US-led order

Arho Haveren, visiting researcher at the University of Helsinki, says China, with its recent actions, is indicating that it no longer recognizes the US-led international order as legitimate.

Talking to DW, she says, “The elite of the Communist Party of China believes that it is exemplifying a great form of governance with stability and economic growth, especially in the way it has dealt with the recent COVID pandemic.” Tried to deal with it.”

Haveren continues, “China’s development and the challenge of America as the world’s most powerful country is most echoed in the southern part of the world. Challenging it so that it doesn’t hurt too much.

Last month, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed a “global security initiative” that would uphold the principle of “indivisible security” during the annual Boao Asia Forum. According to him, the world should also respect the sovereignty and integrity of countries, keeping in mind the “legitimate” security concerns of all countries.

Xi Jinping said, “We must uphold the principle of indivisible security, build a balanced, effective and sustainable security mechanism, and oppose the creation of national security on the basis of insecurity in other countries.”

Although the details of Xi Jinping’s initiative are still unclear, Ivana Karsakova, founder and leader of MapInfluenceSEU, an organization that studies China and Russia’s influence on Central and Eastern Europe, says she was referring to developing countries.

“It aims to emphasize shared development with developing countries, historical experience of the colonial era, and principles of sovereignty and non-intervention,” she says.

Big blow to international organizations

Both China and America are trying to strengthen their relations with like-minded countries and the biggest reason behind this effort is that both the countries are competing to overtake each other in the current international system and This fear of competition is forcing both of them to do so.

“We have now reached a stage where all geographically similar countries have become more aware of their strategic and needs and are trying to protect their open economy from Chinese companies that receive government subsidies,” says Haveren. Instead, they have started insisting on their own terms.

She goes on to say, “These two emerging countries and the competition of these two will spread in all areas, whether it is defense sector, trade, investment or technology. Therefore, the current international system has to be weakened by the weak alliance led by China and Russia. Whereas Western democracies are facing this challenge resolutely.

Haveren estimates that the rivalry is a major blow to international organisations, which are already at risk of dilapidation and have proved incapable of solving burning problems such as the Ukraine War.

maintaining a level of cooperation

Despite the growing gap between the two camps, Western democracies still hope to maintain the level of cooperation with China on some issues such as climate change. However, it is not looking easy given the increasing competition and deepening mistrust.

John Kerry, the US President’s special envoy on climate, recently said that climate cooperation between the two countries has become increasingly difficult due to the growing differences between the US and China. He further says that due to this diplomatic relations between the two countries have also become quite complicated.

Chong of the National University of Singapore also says that it is becoming increasingly difficult to bring China closer to climate change efforts.

He says, “Everyone agrees that every country needs to pay attention to the environment, but the difference is who does more and who does less. Also, countries that have developed first tend to overtake others. Keep telling them what to do and because of this many times tensions arise.”

Chong insists that all countries understand the need to work together on this matter, but more active cooperation can only take place on certain issues, not all issues.


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