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The World Bank warns that a third of Iraq will dry up in 2050

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The World Bank warns that a third of Iraq will dry up in 2050

Baghdad – Al Quds Al Arabi: The World Bank warned Iraq that water will not reach a third of the irrigated lands in 2050, if the temperature rises by one degree Celsius, as expected.
And he issued a report, in which he stated that, by 2050, the temperature will increase by 1 degree Celsius, and the precipitation will decrease by 10%, this would cause a decrease in available fresh water by about 20%, and under these conditions, the water will not reach nearly of a third of the irrigated land in Iraq by 2050.
He added that Iraq’s economic outlook has improved, against the backdrop of a recovery in global oil markets, where GDP is expected to grow from 2.6% in 2021 to more than 6% in 2022-2023. However, without accelerated economic reform, risks could cause Domestic and financial unexpected setbacks.
The country’s economic recovery is partly supported by the government’s moves to work on previously recommended reforms, and public transfers, as well as plans to increase credit to businesses, had a small stimulus effect, resulting in 0.9% GDP growth in the first half of 2021, in contrast to The contraction increased by 16% in the previous year, according to the report.
According to the World Bank, higher oil prices shifted the 2.2% fiscal balance into GDP surplus, increasing central bank reserves to nearly $55 billion (15 months of imports) in the first half of 2021.
And it added: The recovery has been somewhat diminished due to the acute water shortage and widespread power cuts after historically low rainfall, which affected the agriculture and industry sectors, and health care services also deteriorated amid an increasing number of coronavirus cases.
Oil GDP, which remains the main driver of medium-term growth in Iraq, is expected to rise in conjunction with the gradual elimination of OPEC+ production quotas, while non-oil GDP growth is expected to remain below 3 percent in 2021-2023. .
The World Bank stressed that it is important for Iraq to deal with water scarcity and the deteriorating water quality in rivers and groundwater, calling for radical reforms of the sector to seize opportunities and manage risks.
A 20% reduction in Iraq’s water supply and the associated reduction in crop yields that may accompany climate change could reduce Iraq’s real GDP by up to 4%, or US$6.6 billion.
In addition, a afforestation campaign was launched in the city of Mosul, aimed at combating desertification.
In total, about 5,000 trees will be planted over the next two months in Mosul and its surrounding areas, with funding from the Crisis Center and support from the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The campaign started from the Northern Technical University where volunteers and students, men and women, equipped with shovels, dug scattered sites to plant the skinny trees near the irrigation pipes that would ensure their survival. “The types of trees that we will plant are lemon cypress, lemongrass, king’s whiskers, acacia, swimming pool, and pine,” said Abdul Aziz Al Saleh, media and communication officer at the Mosul Eye Foundation, which implements the project.
“The goal is to eradicate the desertification that currently exists in the city of Mosul,” he added. There are not many green spaces in the region, especially after the war. These green spaces have disappeared and disappeared.”
“In recent years, there has been little rain and groundwater, and it is drying up as temperatures continue to rise,” he added.
The “Mosul Eye” group was initially established to shed light on the violations of the Islamic State, which was expelled from Mosul in 2017, after an attack launched by Iraqi forces with the support of an international coalition.
“The city of Mosul was devastated,” said beekeeper Aysen Samir, 23, while he was planting trees. “The restoration of these green spaces brings hope and life inside.”
“With the increase in green spaces, the residents of Mosul will be able to relax in the gardens,” he added.

in details

Baghdad – Al Quds Al Arabi: The World Bank warned Iraq that water will not reach a third of the irrigated lands in 2050, if the temperature rises by one degree Celsius, as expected.
And he issued a report, in which he stated that, by 2050, the temperature will increase by 1 degree Celsius, and the precipitation will decrease by 10%, this would cause a decrease in available fresh water by about 20%, and under these conditions, the water will not reach nearly of a third of the irrigated land in Iraq by 2050.
He added that Iraq’s economic outlook has improved, against the backdrop of a recovery in global oil markets, where GDP is expected to grow from 2.6% in 2021 to more than 6% in 2022-2023. However, without accelerated economic reform, risks could cause Domestic and financial unexpected setbacks.
The country’s economic recovery is partly supported by the government’s moves to work on previously recommended reforms, and public transfers, as well as plans to increase credit to businesses, had a small stimulus effect, resulting in 0.9% GDP growth in the first half of 2021, in contrast to The contraction increased by 16% in the previous year, according to the report.
According to the World Bank, higher oil prices shifted the 2.2% fiscal balance into GDP surplus, increasing central bank reserves to nearly $55 billion (15 months of imports) in the first half of 2021.
And it added: The recovery has been somewhat diminished due to the acute water shortage and widespread power cuts after historically low rainfall, which affected the agriculture and industry sectors, and health care services also deteriorated amid an increasing number of coronavirus cases.
Oil GDP, which remains the main driver of medium-term growth in Iraq, is expected to rise in conjunction with the gradual elimination of OPEC+ production quotas, while non-oil GDP growth is expected to remain below 3 percent in 2021-2023. .
The World Bank stressed that it is important for Iraq to deal with water scarcity and the deteriorating water quality in rivers and groundwater, calling for radical reforms of the sector to seize opportunities and manage risks.
A 20% reduction in Iraq’s water supply and the associated reduction in crop yields that may accompany climate change could reduce Iraq’s real GDP by up to 4%, or US$6.6 billion.
In addition, a afforestation campaign was launched in the city of Mosul, aimed at combating desertification.
In total, about 5,000 trees will be planted over the next two months in Mosul and its surrounding areas, with funding from the Crisis Center and support from the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The campaign started from the Northern Technical University where volunteers and students, men and women, equipped with shovels, dug scattered sites to plant the skinny trees near the irrigation pipes that would ensure their survival. “The types of trees that we will plant are lemon cypress, lemongrass, king’s whiskers, acacia, swimming pool, and pine,” said Abdul Aziz Al Saleh, media and communication officer at the Mosul Eye Foundation, which implements the project.
“The goal is to eradicate the desertification that currently exists in the city of Mosul,” he added. There are not many green spaces in the region, especially after the war. These green spaces have disappeared and disappeared.”
“In recent years, there has been little rain and groundwater, and it is drying up as temperatures continue to rise,” he added.
The “Mosul Eye” group was initially established to shed light on the violations of the Islamic State, which was expelled from Mosul in 2017, after an attack launched by Iraqi forces with the support of an international coalition.
“The city of Mosul was devastated,” said beekeeper Aysen Samir, 23, while he was planting trees. “The restoration of these green spaces brings hope and life inside.”
“With the increase in green spaces, the residents of Mosul will be able to relax in the gardens,” he added.

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