Western blue fever in India dies! Learn the symptoms of this new mosquito-borne virus – News18 Bangla ProIQRA News

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West Nile Virus: A 48-year-old man died on Sunday after contracting West Nile Virus in Thrissur district. Alerts have been issued across Kerala following the death. This is the first death in the state in the last three years due to mosquito-borne diseases, health officials said. The state health department said the government had issued guidelines to eradicate mosquito breeding grounds as a precautionary measure.

What is West Nile Virus (WNV) or West Nile Fever?

According to the Kerala Health Department, West Nile virus or West Nile virus is spread by mosquitoes of the genus Culex. According to the World Health Organization, it can cause serious neurological disorders in humans, but most infected people show no symptoms at all. It is mainly spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. The West Nile Virus is the leading cause of mosquito-borne diseases in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control. According to the World Health Organization, birds are natural carriers of the West Nile Virus. The virus can be spread through birds and mosquitoes but can also infect humans, horses and other mammals.

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There is a possibility of infection in humans through organ transplants, blood transfusions and breastfeeding. There has also been a case of transplantal (mother to child) West Nile Virus infection, according to the WHO.

But human-to-human transmission has not yet been reported.

What are the symptoms?

The Kerala man, who came to the hospital on May 17 with fever and other symptoms, was admitted to the Government Medical College in Thrissur where he was diagnosed with western blue fever. However, about 70% of those infected do not show any symptoms and those with WNV do not feel sick. According to the World Health Organization, the symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue and body aches, nausea, occasional skin rash and swollen lymph nodes. Symptoms in more severe cases include headache, high fever, stiff neck, numbness, confusion, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, and paralysis. These symptoms usually last for 3 to 14 days.

Only one in 150 infected people can suffer severely. WNV can cause serious illness in people of any age, but people over the age of 50 are most at risk.

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How does this disease first appear?

The vector-borne disease was first detected in a Ugandan woman in 1938, according to the Kerala Health Department. In Israel, more severe strains, including symptoms of encephalitis and paralysis, have caused the death of several bird species.

What are the preventive measures of WNV?

There is no vaccine or drug to prevent WNV in humans. Only through public health measures and awareness can the risk and infection of the virus be reduced. The risk of mosquito infection can be reduced by eliminating mosquito breeding grounds and clearing the surrounding drains and water. People need to be made aware of the use of mosquito nets. Mosquito bites can be prevented by wearing light-colored clothing, long-sleeved clothes and pants.

Published by:Madhurima Dutta

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